This paper empirically analyses the effect a change of the saddle position in the sagittal plane (setback) by ±10mm has on the position of the knee joint as well as the pressure parameters central pressure point (COP), maximal pressure and loaded surface on the saddle.
Kraus L, Schade D, Natrup J
Journal of Science and Cycling (2015) 4(2)
This research project examined the importance of Bike Ergonomics in relation to the biomechanics of the human body. The presenting complaints of cyclists reveal a very crucial role that health professionals play in the proper set up of cyclists on their bike taking into account the many variables associated with the sport.
A precise qualitative analysis of the biomechanics of proper pedal stroke starts before actual examination of the motion and action during the pedal stroke.
Authoritative, yet accessible, this guide provides the latest on science and technology from the world’s top cycling coaches and researchers. Comprehensive and cutting edge, coverage includes the rider-machine interface, environmental stressors, health issues, the planning of training programs, racing techniques, and more.
Edited by Cheung S, Zabala M
Human Kinetics, (2017), 75-80
This article compares the differences between static and dynamic measurement or assessment reported of the reliability of motion capture for bicycle fitting and investigates the repeatability of key bike fitting kinematic parameters and differences between static and dynamic conditions.
Management of overuse injuries in cycling generally involves mechanical adjustment as well as medical management. Neck and back pain are extremely common in cyclists, occurring in up to 60% of riders. Ulnar neuropathy, characterised by tingling, numbness and weakness in the hands is common in serious cyclists after several days of riding. Managing saddle-related injuries or irritations may also involve adjusting seat height, angle and fore and aft position in addition to changing the saddle. Saddle-related problems include chafing, perineal folliculitis and furuncles, subcutaneous perineal nodules, pudendal neuropathy, male impotence, traumatic urethritis and a variety of vulva trauma.
The main aim of the study was to investigate the effects on performance by manipulating a cyclist’s bike fit in-line with normative bike fitting data. For the purpose of this study the identifiable performance improvement was gross efficiency (GE) and the system that was used to perform the bike-fit was the Retül bike-fit system.
Bateman J, Bateman J
Journal of Science and Cycling (2014) 3(2) 4
The aim of the study was to analyze changes in the position of female cyclists before and after bike fitting. The study sample consisted of four female cyclists from a professional Polish cycling team TKK Pacific. The cyclists’ position on the bike was analyzed with an optoelectronic system BTS SMART DX 7000, before and after bike fitting.
FRONCZEK-WOJCIECHOWSKA MKOPACZ KKOSIELSKI P et al.
Trends in Sport Sciences (2016) 23(1) 21-24
An article for Aero fans!
In order to overcome resistance a cyclist has to deliver a total power output of which 90% is necessary to overcome the aerodynamic drag. In order to perform research in this aerodynamic drag a wind tunnel has been built by the Belgium company Flanders’ Bike Valley.
Permalink (PDF): https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/design-construction-opencircuit-wind-tunnel-specific-measurement-equipment-cycling/
Correct bicycle fit is important, and kinematic instability must be addressed to reduce the risk of knee injury. This article demonstrates that a change in Q Factor (horizontal distance between crank arms) has been shown to decrease metabolic cost.